Taif: The City of Roses

Taif, located in the mountains of Saudi Arabia's Mecca Province, is a city famous for its cool climate, fragrant roses, and rich history. Known as the "City of Roses" and the "Summer Capital of Saudi Arabia," Taif is a refreshing retreat from the desert heat, offering a myriad of cultural, historical, and natural attractions.

Taif The City of Roses

 Immerse yourself in Taif's fascinating past, wandering through ancient ruins, grand palaces, and charming old neighborhoods. Indulge your senses in the captivating aromas of the city's renowned rose gardens, and experience the warm hospitality and vibrant traditions of this remarkable destination. To determine whether you need an e-visa for Saudi Arabia to travel to Taif or any other destination.

Geography and Climate


Taif is located in the mountains of the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. It is approximately 70 kilometers inland from the Red Sea and about 180 kilometers from Mecca.


Unlike much of Saudi Arabia's desert landscape, Taif enjoys a moderate climate year-round due to its high altitude. Summers are mild and winters can be cool, with occasional rainfall.


The history of Taif stretches back thousands of years, and it has played a significant role in the region's development.  Its strategic location and cultural significance have shaped its prominent role in the development of the area, leaving a lasting impact on the diverse heritage and historical fabric of Taif and its surroundings.

Pre-Islamic Era

Taif has a deep-rooted history that dates back to pre-Islamic times. It was known as the summer capital of the Arabian Peninsula due to its cool climate, which provided relief from the desert heat

Before the advent of Islam, Taif was known as a center of trade and the site of a major fair.

Islamic Era

With the advent of Islam, Taif gained even more importance. It witnessed significant events such as the Battle of Hunayn and has been a stopping point for Hajj pilgrims over the centuries.

Modern Times

In modern Saudi Arabian history, Taif has served as the esteemed summer residence of the Saudi royal family, solidifying its position as a prestigious and sought-after destination for discerning visitors.

Culture and Heritage

Taif's cultural richness is reflected in its traditional architecture, customs, and festivals.


The city is renowned for its wealth of historic buildings, meticulously preserved and splendidly restored. It boasts a remarkable collection of traditional architecture, characterized by the extensive use of stone and mud-brick construction. These exquisite structures stand as testaments to the city's rich heritage and serve as captivating reminders of its glorious past.


Taif, a city known for its breathtaking landscapes, hosts two internationally renowned festivals each year. The annual Rose Festival captivates visitors with its fragrant blooms, showcasing the city's rich heritage in rose cultivation. Additionally, the Souk Okaz cultural festival enthralls attendees with its vibrant atmosphere, highlighting traditional arts, crafts, and performances. These captivating events attract a diverse array of visitors from around the globe, making Taif a must-visit destination for festival enthusiasts.

Main Attractions

Shubra Palace

Shubra Palace, a renowned landmark in the city, stands tall as a magnificent testament to traditional Hejazi architecture. With its striking design and intricate details, this architectural gem captivates the hearts of visitors. The grandeur of Shubra Palace is truly awe-inspiring, attracting admiration from all who lay eyes upon it. It serves as a significant symbol of the city's rich cultural heritage, making it an essential destination for those seeking to immerse themselves in its beauty.

Taif's Rose Gardens

Taifs Rose Gardens

A visit to the Rose Gardens of Taif is an absolute must for any visitor. Nestled in the heart of Taif, these gardens boast the cultivation of the renowned Taif rose. The breathtaking beauty of the gardens, with their vast expanse of vibrant roses in full bloom, is a sight to behold. Immerse yourself in the enchanting fragrance and indulge in the serene atmosphere, making it an unforgettable experience for nature enthusiasts and rose lovers alike.

Souk Okaz

Souk Okaz, a recreated cultural and heritage site, offers visitors an immersive experience of ancient Arabian trade fairs. This historic market captures the vibrant atmosphere of bygone times, allowing guests to delve into the rich heritage of the region. With its meticulous recreation, Souk Okaz has expanded to create a larger space, welcoming visitors to explore its diverse array of stalls, vibrant performances, and authentic cultural traditions.

Al-Soudah Park

Al-Soudah Park, nestled in the picturesque Asir Province near Taif, is an expansive haven for nature enthusiasts. Boasting breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding mountains, the park offers a myriad of outdoor activities to indulge in. From hiking and trekking along scenic trails to picnicking in serene spots, visitors can immerse themselves in the beauty of the natural landscape. Al-Soudah Park is a perfect retreat for those seeking adventure and tranquility in a larger-than-life setting.


Taif offers a variety of local dishes that reflect its cultural heritage. The city is especially known for its fresh produce, including grapes, pomegranates, and, of course, roses used in food and drink.

Traditional Dishes

Taif's cuisine is renowned for its rich assortment of traditional Saudi Arabian dishes, showcasing a culinary heritage deeply rooted in local flavors. Among the beloved delicacies are Jareesh, a delightful dish made from crushed wheat and meat; Margoog, a hearty stew prepared with vegetables and spices; and Madfoon, succulent meat slow-cooked in an underground clay oven. These traditional Taif dishes exemplify the region's cultural heritage and are cherished by both locals and visitors alike.

Taif's Roses

When visiting Taif, don't miss out on experiencing the fragrant allure of Taif's roses. Make sure to indulge in the local rose products, such as the delightful rose water and luscious rose jam. Taif's roses are renowned for their exquisite aroma and quality, making them a must-try for any visitor. Immerse yourself in the enchanting world of roses and savor the unique flavors they offer.

Getting to Taif

By Air

Taif has its own international airport, Taif International Airport (TIF), which offers flights from several domestic and international destinations. With a wide range of flights, TIF connects Taif to various destinations worldwide. Whether you're flying from within Saudi Arabia or arriving from abroad, Taif International Airport ensures efficient and comfortable air transportation, offering a seamless travel experience for passengers.

By Road

If you're already in Saudi Arabia, you can reach Taif by road from major cities like Riyadh, Jeddah, and Mecca. These cities are well-connected with a network of highways, making it convenient to reach Taif by car or bus. The road journey offers scenic views and takes approximately 2-3 hours from Riyadh, 3-4 hours from Jeddah, and 1-2 hours from Mecca, depending on traffic conditions and the chosen route.


Taif's Souks

The city's traditional markets, or souks, offer a range of local crafts and goods. Souk Okaz is one of the most famous markets in Taif where you can buy traditional Saudi Arabian items. This bustling marketplace offers a captivating shopping experience, allowing you to immerse yourself in the rich heritage of Saudi Arabia. Here, you can discover and purchase an exquisite collection of authentic Saudi Arabian items, providing a delightful journey through the region's cultural treasures.

Taif Roses

Taif is renowned for its roses, and you can purchase rose-based products such as perfumes, oils, and edible items in the local markets. Taif's roses are renowned for their captivating fragrance and beauty, making them highly sought after by locals and tourists alike. With their distinct aroma and cultural significance, Taif roses have become an integral part of the region's heritage and economy.

Adventure Activities

Adventure Activities


The picturesque mountains encompassing Taif offer abundant hiking possibilities. With a range of trails catering to diverse levels of expertise, from novices to seasoned hikers, the region presents an ideal destination. Adventurers can choose from a selection of paths with varying degrees of difficulty, ensuring an immersive experience amidst nature's splendor. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced hiker, Taif's mountains beckon you to embark on an unforgettable trekking expedition.


For the thrill-seeking adventurers, Taif presents an exhilarating opportunity for paragliding, providing a mesmerizing vantage point to behold the magnificent cityscape and its awe-inspiring surroundings. Take flight and immerse yourself in the sheer beauty of Taif as you soar through the skies, capturing breathtaking views that will leave you speechless. This unforgettable paragliding experience promises an adrenaline rush and a unique perspective of Taif's natural splendor, making it an absolute must-try for adventure enthusiasts

Camel Riding

Embrace the captivating allure of Taif by immersing yourself in the time-honored Bedouin lifestyle through a mesmerizing camel ride across the vast desert landscape. Traverse the dunes and witness the undulating beauty of the terrain while engaging in this unforgettable experience. Don't let your visit to Taif be complete without embracing the authenticity and tranquility of a traditional camel ride—a truly exceptional adventure to cherish.

Additional Taif Destinations Worth Exploring

Additional Taif Destinations

1. Telefric Cable Car

Step into the Telefric Cable Car in Taif, a remarkable engineering marvel, acclaimed as the world's longest pillar-less cable car system. Experience a captivating 20-minute journey offering panoramic views of the city. The service operates from 6 am to 8 pm.

2. Taif Water Amusement Park

Located within the Al Kar Tourist Village, the Taif Water Amusement Park is an exhilarating hotspot, especially during the sweltering summers. It provides an array of rides primarily for males and children, making it an ideal location for family fun. 

3. Tera Mall

Tera Mall offers a distinct shopping experience with its royal aesthetics. The mall houses a variety of cafes, both indoor and open-air, bearing a striking resemblance to the renowned Champs-Élysées in France. This unique retail destination is a must-visit when in Taif​​.

4. Taif City Walk

After immersing yourself in Taif's rich culture and history, head over to Taif City Walk. This area provides a serene environment to relax, with a selection of world-class restaurants and the MUVI theater for entertainment. Enjoy the delightful weather of Taif as you explore this location​.

5. Strawberry Farm

If you're visiting in the autumn or winter, don't miss out on the Strawberry Farm. Here, you can engage in strawberry picking and savour a variety of food and beverages available at the kiosks. There's also a bird enclosure for animal enthusiasts to enjoy. The farm is open from 7 am to 12 am.

6. Bird Park

A paradise for bird lovers, the Bird Park provides an opportunity to interact closely with a range of bird species. The park welcomes visitors from 6:30 am to 10:00 am and from 2:00 pm to 6:00 pm.

7. Ghazal Resort – Shifa

Nestled on a mountain, the Ghazal Resort offers an enchanting view of Taif. Whether you opt for a stay or just drop by for a cup of coffee, the resort promises a romantic setting that's truly unique to this city​​.

8. Teen Farm and Cafe

Teen Farm and Cafe is a multifunctional venue offering a plethora of activities. With a cafe, restaurant, coffee roaster, animal farm, and bird garden, it's a vibrant hangout for the youth​.

9. Al Shareef Museum

For a trip down memory lane, stop by the Al Shareef Museum. This charming museum displays a collection of antiques, from classic cars and old-fashioned phones to vintage cookware. The museum operates from 4 pm to 12 am.

Unique Experiences

Rose Factory Visit

See how the famous Taif roses are turned into perfume at one of the local rose factories. The process is fascinating, and you'll have the chance to buy some of the freshest rose perfumes around.

Traditional Coffee Ceremony

Experience a traditional Arabic coffee ceremony. It's a great way to immerse yourself in the local culture and try some delicious, freshly brewed Arabic coffee.

Travel Tips

Traveling to Taif can be an exciting and enriching experience. Here are a few tips to keep in mind for your journey.

1. Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Taif is during the spring (March to May) when the weather is mild and the roses are in bloom.

2. Getting Around

Taif is well-connected by road to other parts of Saudi Arabia. Within the city, taxis and car rentals are common modes of transportation.

3. Accommodation

There's a range of accommodation options available in Taif, from luxury hotels to more affordable guesthouses.

4. Dress Code

As with any city in Saudi Arabia, it's important to respect the local customs and dress modestly.

5. Language

While Arabic is the official language, English is widely spoken in hotels, restaurants, and tourist attractions.


Steeped in history and blessed with natural beauty, Taif is a city that offers a unique Saudi Arabian experience. Whether you're interested in history, culture, or simply want to enjoy the pleasant climate, Taif has something to offer for every traveler. Plan your visit today and immerse yourself in the many wonders this city has to offer.